Tired of waiting for government housing, some residents in France informal settlement in Pietermaritzburg have started building their own homes out of mud.
In March, Thobani Dlamini left his small family home, and with the help of his girlfriend built a one-room home from reeds and mud.
"It is not by choice, but the situation for the residents of France is now unbearable," he told GroundUp.
Dlamini is 31 and he survives by selling snacks and traditional beer.
"I came to a point in my life where I was fed up... I am a grown man squashed in a small house with my family. We have been waiting for houses since 1999," he said.
The back of the roof is covered with an old tent where Dlamini sells his beer. On the veranda, he keeps snacks that he sells mostly to children. There is a pit toilet outside built of corrugated iron.
"The roof leaks when it rains and it moves when it's windy. It is a tiny house. When it is hot, it boils inside. But we are slowly becoming used to it. I wish for the day I get a better house. Can our government just do one thing right for once and keep the promises it made to the people?" Dlamini asked.
Resident Mandla Zondo said the community was angry and previously embarked on protests. "People are squashed in dilapidated houses and others have relocated and built shacks somewhere," said Zondo.
Residents said that in November 2016, an imbizo was held in Willowfountain hosted by the Msunduzi municipality which the France community attended. They claim that, at the imbizo, Themba Njilo, the mayor, promised a housing project for 3,000 people.
Repeated attempts by GroundUp to get comment from Njilo failed.
"It is September  now and we have not heard anything," said Zondo. "Come 2019, they will be knocking on our doors with food parcels."
Provincial human settlements spokesperson Mbulelo Baloyi said no housing project had been planned for the residents of France, not now nor in the near future.