Suspicious findings from a Spier Hotel room and Susan Rohde's body suggest a more sinister and calculated death than the suicide her husband is claiming, the Cape Town high court heard on Thursday.
This version of events emerged as forensic pathologist Dr Akmal Khan, the state's second witness, testified in the murder trial of Jason Rohde.
He has pleaded not guilty to murder and defeating/obstructing the ends of justice by "staging" a suicide and providing police with false information.
Khan has dealt with close to 100 suicide by hanging cases.
He visited the scene on July 24 2016 and wrote an incident scene report.
He recommended police investigate a possible homicide after noting "odd" blood stains in the room, scratches on her face and blunt force trauma injuries, which suggested a physical altercation.
A photo of the hotel room showed it in a messy state. A piece of purple luggage lay open on the floor, the bed was unmade and there were red blotches in different areas.
"Usually, if you have blunt force trauma in the form of a fist or punch, then sometimes you would get an abrasion from a ring on the finger," he explained.
He thought of battered woman syndrome, where beatings were continuous and over prolonged periods, after seeing the injuries of different ages.
The stains indicated that her body may have been moved.
Khan wrote another report when he conducted a post-mortem exam two days later.
Gruesome pictures of Susan's body were projected on the wall.
Rohde, sitting in a seat opposite the dock, turned sideways and seemed uncomfortable.
Khan detailed the various haemorrhages and injuries on Susan's neck and concluded: "It is a staging of a hanging."
Judge Gayaat Salie-Hlophe asked what he meant by staged.
In reply, he said this was putting a ligature on afterward and pressing into the skin to make it look like a hanging.
"Because you don't how it is supposed to look, you get it wrong."
He explained that friction abrasions were usually seen with an electric cord used for hanging.
The ligature mark Susan had on her neck, which did not slope upward to the point of suspension as with hanging cases, seemed to have been applied after death.
In most hangings, one would also expect a mark much higher up.
Khan conducted a bloodless neck dissection to check the marks in detail and confirm whether they were caused before or after death.
He found many haemorrhages were unrelated to the ligature. The left horn of the thyroid cartilage had been fractured.
This indicated "a hand being applied to the neck with a squeezing type of action", consistent with manual strangulation.
Khan found it was possible to open the locked bathroom door from the outside.
He felt it prudent to have the bathroom hooks tested to see if they could hold Susan's 52kg weight.
He said the pooling of blood in the body, which started around 30 minutes post-mortem, indicated she was lying on her back and not hanging when she died.
He estimated the time of death to be 5.40am on July 24 2016.